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Permohonan Penetapan Eksekusi Putusan tentang Kompensasi bagi Korban Tanjung Priok
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Tgl terbit: Rabu, 31 Januari 2007

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Permohonan Penetapan Eksekusi Putusan
tentang Kompensasi bagi Korban Tanjung Priok

Pengadilan HAM Ad hoc untuk kasus pelanggaran HAM Tanjung Priok sudah digelar. Dari empat berkas perkara (Pranowo, Butar Butar, Sriyanto dan Sutrisno Mascung CS), pada tingkat kasasi di Mahkamah Agung semua terdakwa dibebaskan. Akan tetapi penderitaan para korban yang cacat, disiksa dan hilang sampai saat ini, derita keluarga korban akibat stigmatisasi serta kerugian tetap diabaikan oleh negara.

Menariknya, pada tingkat pertama dalam berkas putusan perkara Sutrisno Mascung dkk (perkara NO: 01/Pid.HAM/Ad Hoc/2003/PN.Jkt.Pst) Majelis Hakim di Pengadilan Negeri Jakarta Pusat pada tanggal 20 Agustus 2004 menetapkan bahwa 13 korban dan keluaga korban berhak menerima kompensasi sejumlah 1.015.500.000(Satu milyar lima belas juta lima ratus ribu rupiah).  Hal ini sejalan dengan prinsip hukum dan kebiasaan internasional yang mewajibkan negara bertanggung jawab, baik materil maupun immateril, atas derita dan kerugian yang dialami para korban kekerasan atau pelanggaran HAM.

Prinsip-prinsip internasional tersebut adalah Prinsip-prinsip  Dasar dan Panduan Tentang Hak Atas Pemulihan dan Reparasi Kepada Korban Pelanggaran Berat Hukum Hak Asasi Manusia Internasional dan Pelanggaran Serius Hukum Humaniter Internasional (Basic Principles and Guidelines on The Right to A Remedy and Reparation for Victims of Gross Violations of Ienternational Human Rights Law and Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law), yang diadopsi dan dinyatakan oleh Resolusi Majelis Umum 60/147  tertanggal 16 Desember 2005(C.H.R. Res.2005/35) No 33, 36, 41 

Dalam Prinsip No 33 menyebutkan:

“Bahwa setiap pelanggaran hak asasi manusia memunculkan hak atas reparasi difihak korban atau ahli warisnya, yang mengimplikasikan kewajiban di fihak negara untuk membuat reparasi dan kemungkinan bagi korban untuk mencari pengganti kerugian dari pelaku pelanggaran.”

Prinsip No 36 menyebutkan:

“Hak atas reparasi mencakup seluruh kerugian yang diderita oleh korban; hak ini mencakup langkah-langkah individu terkait dengan hak atas restitusi, kompensasi dan rehabilitasi, dan langkah umum perbaikan seperti diatur dalam serangkaian prinsip dan aturan dasar mengenai hak atas reparasi.”

Prinsip No 41 menyebutkan:

“Pada tingkat individu, korban termasuk kerabat dan tanggungannya harus mendapat pemulihan yang efektif. Prosedur yang berlaku harus dipublikasikan seluas mungkin. Hak atas reparasi harus mencakup seluruh kerugian yang diderita oleh korban.”

Prinsip-prinsip dasar dan panduan tentang hak atas pemulihan dan reparasi kepada korban pelanggaran berat hukum hak asasi manusia internasional dan pelanggaran serius hukum humaniter internasional Diadopsi dan dinyatakan oleh resolusi majelis umum 60/147 tertanggal 16 desember 2005, pasal 9 yang berbunyi :

“Seseorang harus dianggap sebagai seorang korban tanpa menghiraukan  apakah para pelaku pelanggaran bisa diidentifikasi, ditangkap, dituntut, atau divonis dan tanpa menghiraukan hubungan kekeluargaan antara pelaku dan korban”

Oleh karena itu, negara tidak bisa mengabaikan penderitaan dan kerugian para korban dalam peristiwa Tanjung Priok 1984. Penderitaan berkepanjangan harus diakhiri, salah satunya dengan memenuhi kompensasi secepatnya. Pengadilan Negeri berkewajiban membuat penetapan yang mewajibkan negara dan memperjelas cara pembayaran kompensasi kepada keluarga korban.

Jakarta 31 Januari 2007

           Ikatan Keluarga Korban Tanjung Priok dan KontraS

Contact:
Haris Azhar, 0815 13302342
Ka. Div Pemantauan Impunitas dan Reformasi Institusi


Ad-Hoc Human Right Court (tribunal) for Tanjung Priok case has been  conducted. From 4 final appeal court (Pranowo, Butar-Butar, Sriyanto, and Sutrisno Mascung CS) in the Supreme Court, all suspects have been released. All suffering from the family of the victims, their remembrance of torture and disappeared are neglected by Indonesian government.

Yet there is a fact left behind by the court. The appeal court decision for Sutrisno Mascung et.al. (No. 01/Pid.HAM/Ad Hoc/2003/PN.Jkt.Pst), Panel of Judges in Central Jakarta Court in 20 August 2004, decided that the 13 victims and family of the victims have rights to receive compensation and restitution valued 1,015,500,000 rupiahs (US$ 113,000). This decision is appropriate according international human right legal mechanism that give mandate to government to provide compensation, rehabilitation, and restitution to all loss and suffering of victims and the family of the victims.

Indonesia has recognized some international human right mechanism regarding this matters. For instance, Basic Principles and Guidelines on The Right to A Remedy and Reparation for Victims of Gross Violations of Ienternational Human Rights Law and Serious Violations of International Humanitarian La. This mechanism has been adopted by UN General Assembly Resolution No. 60/147 on 16 December 2005(C.H.R. Res.2005/35) No 33, 36, 41

Principle no. 17 said,
17. States shall, with respect to claims by victims, enforce domestic judgments for reparation against individuals or entities liable for the harm suffered and endeavor to enforce valid foreign legal judgments for reparation in accordance with domestic law and international legal obligations. To that end, States should provide under their domestic laws effective mechanisms for the enforcement of reparation judgments.

18. In accordance with domestic law and international law, and taking account of individual circumstances, victims of gross violations of international human rights law and serious violations of international humanitarian law should, as appropriate and proportional to the gravity of the violation and the circumstances of each case, be provided with full and effective reparation, as laid out in principles 19 to 23, which include the following forms: restitution, compensation, rehabilitation, satisfaction and guarantees of non-repetition.

19. Restitution should, whenever possible, restore the victim to the original situation before the gross violations of international human rights law or serious violations of international humanitarian law occurred. Restitution includes, as appropriate: restoration of liberty, enjoyment of human rights, identity, family life and citizenship, return to one’s place of residence, restoration of employment and return of property.

20. Compensation should be provided for any economically assessable damage, as appropriate and proportional to the gravity of the violation and the circumstances of each case, resulting from gross violations of international human rights law and serious violations of international humanitarian law, such as:

(a) Physical or mental harm;
(b) Lost opportunities, including employment, education and social benefits;
(c) Material damages and loss of earnings, including loss of earning potential;
(d) Moral damage;
(e) Costs required for legal or expert assistance, medicine and medical services, and psychological and social services.

21. Rehabilitation should include medical and psychological care as well as legal and social services.

22. Satisfaction should include, where applicable, any or all of the following:
(a) Effective measures aimed at the cessation of continuing violations;
(b) Verification of the facts and full and public disclosure of the truth to the extent that such disclosure does not cause further harm or threaten the safety and interests of the victim, the victim’s relatives, witnesses, or persons who have intervened to assist the victim or prevent the occurrence of further violations;
(c) The search for the whereabouts of the disappeared, for the identities of the children abducted, and for the bodies of those killed, and assistance in the recovery, identification and reburial of the bodies in accordance with the expressed or presumed wish of the victims, or the cultural practices of the families and communities;
(d) An official declaration or a judicial decision restoring the dignity, the reputation and the rights of the victim and of persons closely connected with the victim;
(e) Public apology, including acknowledgement of the facts and acceptance of responsibility;
(f) Judicial and administrative sanctions against persons liable for the violations;
(g) Commemorations and tributes to the victims;
(h) Inclusion of an accurate account of the violations that occurred in international human rights law and international humanitarian law training and in educational material at all levels.

9. A person shall be considered a victim regardless of whether the perpetrator of the violation is identified, apprehended, prosecuted, or convicted and regardless of the familial relationship between the perpetrator and the victim.
We urge Indonesian government not to neglect the suffering and misery of the victims of Tanjung Priok case. Indonesian government should take urgent action to end the suffering of the victims and family of the victims. Government should pay compensation as promised. Jakarta district court should make clear decision on how government fulfill its obligations.

Jakarta, 31 January 2007

The Commission for Disappeared and Victims of Violence (KontraS)
Assosiation of Victims and Family of Tanjung Priok Case (IKAPRI)



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