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SIARAN PERS
Need to be more Concrete, Indonesian President�s Offered towards GAM

Tgl terbit: Senin, 10 Januari 2005

Press Release


No : 02/SP-KontraS/I/2005


on


�Need to be more
Concrete, Indonesian President�s Offered towards GAM�


The Commission for Involuntarity Disappearances and Victim of Violence (KontraS) regrets the exchange of gunfire between the state security apparatus with Free Aceh Movement or GAM. These kind of actions need to ceased, because it could disturb the emergency
humanitarian effort in Aceh. It is not just the Aceh rehabilitations and reconstruction process at stake, but the possibility for human sacrifice and other unnecessary impact. With this consideration, political reconciliation in term of cease fire political agreement between The Government of Indonesia and GAM is urgently required.


A few reasons why there�s an urgent cease fire action needed; 1) to secure Aceh rehabilitation and
reconstruction process 2) to guarantee security of civilian in the aftermath of natural disaster especially children and women; 3) to guarantee the safety of civilian volunteers well being as well as foreign military, to not become a victim of armed-conflict between military TNI/POLRI -GAM;


Further, KontraS welcome
positive statement from our president SBY who offered a peace opportunity for GAM. Along with that statement, KontraS inquire GAM to clearly stated their act upon, towards opportunity to end the armed-conflict. And we appreciate the positive response from GAM.


Therefore, to achieve
reconciliation (peace agreement and cease-fire), the Central Government of Indonesia should concretize the offer. There are at least two conditions should be considered by the president. First, to give humanitarian aid access to Free Aceh Movement of GAM. Secondly, to give amnesty and free all GAM negotiators.


The first precondition
needed because of earthquake and tsunami impact had sacrifice many Acehnese, without exception including GAM members and their families. Due to the natural disaster situation could endanger the life of GAM community, without humanitarian aid, especially no food security what so ever.


Because these facts, KontraS
summon upon non-discrimination principal and fair humanity toward the
distributor of Aceh humanitarian aid. We ask for humanitarian aid to be
distributed only for humanitarian effort. Thus, all people affected by disaster including GAM members deserved and have the rights for aid. Humanity should be lied within everything, extending all the country territory, sovereignty, political background, ethnic, religious, gender and other barriers.


Second precondition,
there is a need to asses early discussion towards dialog with the GAM
negotiators who has been put behind bars ( 5 negotiators). Without amnesty and releasing of negotiators, SBY offered will be useless.


Looking at the situation, to reach effective peace negotiation effort, KontraS suggest these notes as bellow;


a)
Peace agreement to cease fire should be perform by Central government with the GAM representative in Aceh, not only GAM representative in Sweden; due to Aceh condition that need to be really address, post-natural disaster.


b)
The negotiation location should be neutral.


c)
It should involve civil society, such as religious leaders, intellectual
and NGOs as the third party.


d)
To include the third party outside the conflict as mediator, with
integrity and agreed by both conflicted-parties. The third party is important as monitoring of negotiation results. Thus, Government of Indonesia could ask for Japan help to become peace mediator in the negotiation or all the Tokyo group member states, EU, England and USA.


e)
In a long terms objective, GAM have to be given political concession, which could be political rights rehabilitation to put down their weapons and receive special autonomy.


Lastly, based on several
experiences before, KontraS remind that the opportunity to create such peace agreement is very much in how president SBY as the civilian authority could further control its military and also influenced by the international pressure against GAM.


Thank you.


Jakarta, 10th January 2005


Working Comitte


Usman Hamid


Koordinator











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