Untitled Document
Komisi untuk Orang Hilang dan Korban
Tindak Kekerasan
Untitled Document Pencarian detail

IND | ENG
Untitled Document
Untitled Document
   
SIARAN PERS
ASEAN Human Rights Declaration must not provide protections lower than international human rights law and standards

Tgl terbit: Kamis, 13 September 2012

ASEAN Human Rights Declaration must not provide protections lower than international human rights law and standards

We, the undersigned organizations, who participated at the Civil Society Forum on ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, held on 10-11 September 2012 and the consultation meeting of the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR) with civil society organizations on the ASEAN Human Rights Declaration (AHRD), held on 12 September 2012 in Manila, the Philippines, comment the AICHR for holding the second consultation meeting and welcome the openness shown by the AICHR representatives in the meeting.

We regret that the participation of civil society organizations in this meeting was still limited and some organizations continued to be barred from participating in the meeting.

During the consultation, CSO representatives expressed grave concern that the drat Declaration prepared by AICHR still falls short of international human rights law and standards, despite the assurance the AICHR expressed in the first regional consultation with civil society organizations on 22 June 2012 in Kuala Lumpur that the AHRD will comply with international human rights law and standards.

The CSO representatives explained that the draft AHRD dated 23 June 2012, contains several major flaws that would prevent it from providing robust protection of human rights for the people of ASEAN. These include:
Br> ➢ Imposing overarching limitations and conditionality on the enjoyment of rights: Several "General Principles" in the draft Declaration appear to grant ASEAN Member States wide, overarching discretion to withhold respect for any or all of the rights in the Declaration on vague and sweeping grounds; including "national and regional contexts; "different cultural, religious and historical backgrounds" "national security" "public morality" and rights being “balanced with the performance of duties." This appears to reflect a view that the interests of governments take precedence over the rights of the people-in direct contradiction to the universal principle of "inalienable" human rights.

We recommended the removal of any overarching provisions, which limit rights across the board, balance them against duties or subject them to regional or national contexts. Instead, we proposed that the universality and inalienability of human rights be upheld, and the protection of rights should be undertaken in accordance with universally agreed principles such as the non-derogability of fundamental human rights.

Lack of clear commitment not to lower human rights protections: While the draft Declaration provides an article on interpretation, as proposed by CSOs, it fails to ensure, clearly and unequivocally, that the Declaration cannot be interpreted as providing standards of protection that are lower than universally agreed human rights standards and leaves too much room for those wishing to lower protections.

We recommended that this important provision in the Declaration states clearly and unequivocally that the rights guaranteed in the Declaration will be interpreted and implemented in accordance with international human rights law and standards, and that no interpretation which holds otherwise may be accepted.

➢ Subjugating rights to national laws: Several provisions subjugate the protection of certain human rights to national laws. These include the right to life, the right to seek asylum and the right to form a family. This will allow states to avoid human rights obligations by enacting legislation that would restrict these rights.

We recommended to refrain from and remove any formulation that will subject the exercise of human rights to national legislation that provides lower standards of human rights promotion and protection.

➢ A restricted and excluding provision for non-discrimination: the provision for non-discrimination provides a limited list of prohibited grounds for non-discrimination which fails to reflect developments in the understanding of this key human rights and may be intended to exclude certain groups.

We recommended that the article on equality and non-discrimination should be broadly framed to prevent all forms of discrimination on any ground.

➢ Failure to protect the rights of specific groups: The rights of individuals, groups and peoples whose rights are subject to frequent and systematic attacks in ASEAN, and therefore deserve specific protection, as developed in international human rights standards, are either mentioned in one or two words or not mentioned at all. Women, children, older persons, persons with disabilities, migrant workers are barely mentioned, whereas the rights of minorities, LGBT/Q persons, Indigenous Peoples and persons deprived of liberty get no mention at all.

We recommended that a new section to be included in the Declaration to protect these specific groups with more elaborate protection of their rights. The submission included a detailed recommendation for the wording of this section.

➢ Provisions for specific rights which are vague, weak or otherwise fall below international standards: While many specific provisions are clear and reflect international human rights standards, and some even provide a progressive approach, the formulation of several other rights lack clarity, precision or else fail to protect the right fully. These include the provisions on the right to life, freedom from enforced disappearances, right to health, right to sustainable developments and many others.

We provided detailed recommendations for changes that will bring these provisions into line with current and evolving international law and standards. We also recommended the addition of several provisions.

We call on the AICHR to continue to allow more time for consultation and inputs into the declaration in order for voices from all stakeholders be heard and taken into consideration.

The AICHR should also make public the declaration once it is submitted to the ASEAN foreign ministers. This will facilitate for civil society and the general public to continue to engage with their respective government to further improve the declaration.

We appreciate the fruitful consultation meeting held by the AICHR and encourage the AICHR to continue strengthening and broadening such engagement with civil society in future.


For inquiry, please contact:

1. Ms. Atnike Sigiro, +62 812 9401766, The Commission for the Disappeared and Victims of Violence of Violence (KontraS), Indonesia
2. Dr Aurora Parong, +63 9175299953, Amnesty International, Philippines
3. Ms. Cynthia Gabriel, +60 12 3792189, Suaram, Malaysia
4. Mr. Yap Swee Seng, Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development, +66 81 8689178
5. Ms. Ging Christobal, International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission



Dilihat : 3,304 kali

Untitled Document
ARTIKEL TERPOPULER

Dua Tahun Pemerintahan Widodo-Kalla: Minim Prestasi, Gemar Klaim Sepihak Keberhasilan Penegakan Hukum Dan HAM
Hilangnya Wiji Thukul
Penembakan dan Pembunuhan Sewenang – Wenang di Enarotali, Paniai;
Segera Bentuk Tim Independen, Pulihkan Korban dan Masyarakat;

Peringatan Hari HAM Sedunia 10 Desember 2014
HAM hari ini: Siapa yang akan bertanggung jawab?

Surat Terbuka :
"Mendesak Komnas HAM untuk Membentuk Tim Penyelidikan Terkait Dugaan Peristiwa Kejahatan Terhadap Kemanusiaan di Paniai"

Komnas HAM Harus Segera Keluarkan Rekomendasi Hasil Penyelidikan Kasus Pelanggaran HAM Berat Aceh
Pemerintah Indonesia Tidak Pro HAM dan Demokrasi Dengan Kembali Abstain dalam Resolusi PBB Terhadap Korea Utara
Bentrokan TNI Vs Polri: Ancaman Atas Rasa Aman Bagi Masyarakat
Peringatan 66 Tahun Hari HAM Internasional :
Hentikan Penyiksaan dan Penuhi Hak-Hak Korban

Komnas HAM dan Kejaksaan Agung harus Segera Panggil AM. Hendropriyono
Pembebasan Pollycarpus: Negara tidak berdaya terhadap pelaku kejahatan kemanusian
Surat Terbuka: Desakan kepada Panglima TNI untuk menindak tegas anggota TNI pelaku penyerbuan terhadap petugas Satpam Kramat Jati
Menanggapi pro dan kontra Pengakuan Prabowo Subianto atas keterlibatannya dalam kasus penculikan aktivis 1997-1998
Proses Penyelesaian Kasus Penculikan dan Pelanggaran HAM
Mempertanyakan Komitmen Indonesia sebagai Anggota Dewan HAM PBB Periode 2015 – 2018
Surat Terbuka: Desakan kepada Kapolri untuk mengusut Tuntas Praktik Mafia Perdagangan Orang di institusi Polda NTT
Pernyataan Sikap Bersama 16 Tahun Tragedy Semanggi I Presiden, Pilihlah Jaksa Agung Bermental Baja
Hentikan Perampasan Tanah, Intimidasi, Kekerasan dan Kriminalisasi Terhadap Petani Takalar, Sulawesi Selatan
Kedatangan dan Tuntutan Keluarga Tengku Bantaqiyah
Laporan Lanjutan Kerusuhan Sambas
15 tahun Tragedi Semanggi I : Mereka Lupa, Kami Luka
Potret Penanganan Kasus Pelanggaran HAM di Papua Komnas HAM Gagal Menghadirkan Keadilan
Surat : Penolakan Pemberian Gelar Pahlawan Bagi (alm.) Soeharto
Presiden Jokowi; Pilih Jaksa Agung yang Berani Melakukan Penyidikan Kasus Pelanggaran HAM Berat
POLEMIK PENYELESAIAN KASUS PELANGGARAN HAM
English
Media Sosial |        
KABAR TERKINI
Untitled Document
SIARAN PERS
BERITA
OPINI
DATA
KEGIATAN
KAMPANYE
Untitled Document

Copyright © 2015 | www.kontras.org
JL. Kramat II No. 7, Kwitang, Senen | Jakarta Pusat 10420
Tlp: 021-3919097, 3919098 | Fax: 021-3919099 | Email: kontras_98@kontras.org | Webmaster: pemelihara@kontras.org