The Republic of Indonesia's Police Annual Performance Evaluation on the 63rd Bhayangkara day (anniversary)
On this 63rd Bhayangkara day, we as the NGO Network involve in the Police Sector Reform welcomed and appreciated Head of Police Bambang Hendarso Danuri initiative that had just issued a regulation on Principle Implementation and standard of Human Rights in conducting Republic of Indonesia's Police function. This is regarded as a form of internal commitment of the police towards police sector reform. With this Perkap No.8/2009, the police acknowledge that Human Rights norms was not an obstacle for the police performance effectivity in maintaining security and order in the society, law enforcement, protection, and service to the society. Prior to, perception was made that the police was perceive Human Rights norms as an obstacle towards security and public order.
Over the last year, the police also delivered adequate performance dealing with serious crimes involving influential actors. This was shown in Munir case where the police arrested Muchdi PR as a prime suspect of the case. The police also prompt in solving Nasrudin assasination case that were suspected involving the head of Corruption Eradicating committee, a mass media owner, and a high rank police officer.
Perkap No. 8/2009 on Human Rights will be a milestone for future police model that is more profesional and accomodating towards Human rights. We hope this perkap could cover the polri previous dark past that was publicly perceived, based on survey results, identic with torture, corruption and other abuse. Between mid 2008-mid 2009, we received public complaints (victim) on torture and abuse cases. Beside ongoing abuse by the police -clarified as individual misbehaviour- we also concerns that the police conducting those abuse also enjoy impunity. This is linked to the uneffective internal accountability mechanism in Polri and minimal eksternal accountability mechanism conducted by other quasi-state institution. So far, institution like Komnas HAM, Kompolnas or the Ombudsman dont have the mandate to follow up- through independent investigation- complaints by victims of Polri's Human Rights violation. It is a pressing agenda for the Polri to immediately evaluate internal accountability mechanism and ask other quasi-state institution to strenghten their external accountability mechanism.
We also concerns that supposed to be neutral police, as the law enforcer, still vulnerable to political intervention from other institution. Halted investigation of fraud allegation in East Java Governor election, was an example. Eventhough valid indication of fraud and was admitted by the former East Java head of police, the Police Headquarter halted the investigation process. The same mistake repeated when the police refuse public complaints regarding fraud allegation in the previous legislative election. Eventhough followup of those complaints is obligatory by the law. Polri has not became an effective law enforcer in vulnerable to conflicts regions, where military influence is strong. In Aceh and Papua, Polri couldnot delivered justice and satisfaction for local people, especially due to their incompetence in responding complaints from Human Rights violation victims.
Despite our hope that the police sector reform is heading in a more progressive direction, we acknowledge the difficulty in reversing the institution conventional culture, that will take a lenghtfull time. The new Perkap on Human Rights needs to be socialized to almost 400.000 police personnel. We also see the development in police reform still lays on the individual initiative from the leaders of Polri where it hasnt became a structural capital for the institution. Polri Independence also still need to be test from external political pressures.
Jakarta, 1st July 2009
KontraS, HRWG, PBHI, LBH Jakarta, Setara Institute, Foker LSM Papua, IDSPS, Praxis, ELSAM, LESPERSI, INFID, PROPATRIA