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Calling for a Proper Investigation on the Racial and Discrimination Conducted by Islamic Defenders Front and Islamic People’s Forum

The Commission for the Disappeared and Victims of Violence (KontraS) – a human rights non-governmental organization based in Jakarta – strongly deplore the rampant issue of discriminatory based on ethnic and religious background issued by certain groups in Jakarta.

In the last few days, the mass of Islamic Defenders Front [FPI] and Islamic People's Forum [FUI] – two Islamic-Radical organizations in Indonesia – conduct a demonstration rejecting Mr. Basuki Tjahaja Purnama [called Ahok] to become a Governor of Jakarta. They refused Ahok because Ahok is a non-Muslim guy and originated from Chinese ethnic [a Chinese descent]. The Chairman of the Advisory Board of FPI, Mr. Misbahul Anam, explained the reason for his refusal: "First, there is never a proposition that said a heathen can be a fair leader and protects Muslims. Second, Ahok is arrogant, cocky, and even often using the harsh words while talking. Third, the various elements of Jakarta’s citizens are fed up and refuse Ahok’s leadership. Fourth, Ahok always shout about democracy, and fifth, is because the majority of Jakarta’s citizens are Muslim and Non-Chinese while Ahok is not." [More complete explanation can be found in the lecture of Rizieq Shihab at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ft4bEDI92Kg –  “FPI Not Refuse Ahok, But Reject a Heathen Leader” – the video was uploaded by FPI on 20 September 2014, accessed on October 16, 2014 at 15:40]. The refuse action led to acts of violence committed by FPI and FUI on October 3, 2014, which left 21 people in police side injured.

We believe that the way of demonstration of FPI and the FUI is a form of Discrimination against Racial and Ethnic as set forth in Article 1 paragraph 1 of the National Law No. 40 of 2008 on the Elimination of Racial and Ethnic Discrimination which states: "The act of Racial and Ethnic Discrimination is the act relating to any distinction, exclusion, restriction, or selection based on race and ethnicity, which resulted in the removal or reduction of the recognition, acquisition or exercise of human rights and fundamental freedoms in an equality in the political, economic, social and cultural.” In addition, Law No. 32 of 2004 on Regional Government does not require certain religious or ethnic background to become a leader in certain area. If this discriminatory action still left unchecked and occurred in the absence of punishment, it can trigger another discriminatory actions to become wider as well as eliminating the spirit of diversity in the society.

We need your support to urge the Government of Indonesia – especially to the National Commission on Human Rights [known Komnas HAM] – as a formal state institution that has the mandate and authority to conduct surveillance and monitoring of an incident that allegedly contained human rights violations, to take immediate further important role in efforts to eliminate all forms of racial and ethnic discrimination.

Our insistence is based on what stated in Article 8 Paragraph (1) of the Law on the Elimination of Racial and Ethnic Discrimination: "Supervision of efforts to eliminate all forms of racial and ethnic discrimination carried out by the Commission.” The mandate and authority of the National Commission on Human Rights also reaffirmed in Article 89 Paragraph (3) Point B of the National Law No. 39 Year 1999 on Human Rights, which states "The Commission’s duty and authority is to conduct investigation and examination of the events that arise in society that is based on the nature or scope should be assumed there is a violation of human rights."

We call upon to you (based on your institution capacity) to ensure the Government, in particular the National Commission on Human Rights to:

First, monitoring and conduct a fact-finding action to investigate the alleged Racial and Ethnic discriminatory actions undertaken by two Islamic-Radical actions – FPI and FUI –;

Second, to provide recommendations to the government and police based on the results of the fact-finding regarding the alleged Racial and Ethnic discriminatory actions performed by FPI and FUI;

Third, take all the necessary measures to eliminate the discriminatory issues developed by FPI and FUI, individual / other groups, in accordance with the authority of the National Commission on Human Rights.

We also would like to call upon to you to demand and urge our Government to abide international obligations and assure the restoration of a democratic government based on human rights as what Indonesia has stated in its position as the ASEAN countries which both on the TOR and on the ASEAN Human Rights Declaration (AHRD) mentioned that ASEAN member states should always uphold the principles of impartiality, objectivity, non-selectivity, non-discrimination, non-confrontation and avoidance of double standards and politicization in the realization of the human rights and freedoms contained in the declaration.

 

Jakarta, October 17, 2014

Haris Azhar
Executive Coordinator of KontraS

Please show your support by send a Letter/Urgent Appeal to Indonesian National Commission on Human Rights [Komnas HAM] to conduct surveillance and monitoring of an incident that allegedly contained human rights violations, to take immediate further important role in efforts to eliminate all forms of racial and ethnic discrimination.

Below is the address of Komnas HAM:

Mr. Hafid Abbas
National Commission on Human Rights
Jl. Latuharhary No.4B Menteng
Jakarta, Indonesia 10310
Phone: +62 21 3925230
Fax: +62 21 392522
SAMPLE LETTER

Dear Mr.Hafid Abbas,

I am writing to you to express my concern on the rampant issue of discriminatory based on ethnic and religious background issued by certain groups in Jakarta.

In the last few days, the mass of Islamic Defenders Front [FPI] and Islamic People's Forum [FUI] – two Islamic-Radical organizations in Indonesia – conduct a demonstration rejecting Mr. Basuki Tjahaja Purnama [called Ahok] to become a Governor of Jakarta. They refused Ahok because Ahok is a non-Muslim guy and originated from Chinese ethnic [a Chinese descent]. The Chairman of the Advisory Board of FPI, Mr. Misbahul Anam, explained the reason for his refusal: "First, there is never a proposition that said a heathen can be a fair leader and protects Muslims. Second, Ahok is arrogant, cocky, and even often using the harsh words while talking. Third, the various elements of Jakarta’s citizens are fed up and refuse Ahok’s leadership. Fourth, Ahok always shout about democracy, and fifth, is because the majority of Jakarta’s citizens are Muslim and Non-Chinese while Ahok is not." [More complete explanation can be found in the lecture of Rizieq Shihab at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ft4bEDI92Kg –  “FPI Not Refuse Ahok, But Reject a Heathen Leader” – the video was uploaded by FPI on 20 September 2014, accessed on October 16, 2014 at 15:40]. The refuse action led to acts of violence committed by FPI and FUI on October 3, 2014, which left 21 people in police side injured.

We believe that the way of demonstration of FPI and the FUI is a form of Discrimination against Racial and Ethnic as set forth in Article 1 paragraph 1 of the National Law No. 40 of 2008 on the Elimination of Racial and Ethnic Discrimination which states: "The act of Racial and Ethnic Discrimination is the act relating to any distinction, exclusion, restriction, or selection based on race and ethnicity, which resulted in the removal or reduction of the recognition, acquisition or exercise of human rights and fundamental freedoms in an equality in the political, economic, social and cultural.” In addition, Law No. 32 of 2004 on Regional Government does not require certain religious or ethnic background to become a leader in certain area. If this discriminatory action still left unchecked and occurred in the absence of punishment, it can trigger another discriminatory actions to become wider as well as eliminating the spirit of diversity in the society.

Through this letter, we urge Government of Indonesia – especially National Commission on Human Rights [known Komnas HAM] – as a formal state institution that has the mandate and authority to conduct surveillance and monitoring of an incident that allegedly contained human rights violations, to take immediate further important role in efforts to eliminate all forms of racial and ethnic discrimination.

Our insistence is based on what stated in Article 8 Paragraph (1) of the Law on the Elimination of Racial and Ethnic Discrimination: "Supervision of efforts to eliminate all forms of racial and ethnic discrimination carried out by the Commission.” The mandate and authority of the National Commission on Human Rights also reaffirmed in Article 89 Paragraph (3) Point B of the National Law No. 39 Year 1999 on Human Rights, which states "The Commission’s duty and authority is to conduct investigation and examination of the events that arise in society that is based on the nature or scope should be assumed there is a violation of human rights."

We call upon to you to:

First, monitoring and conduct a fact-finding action to investigate the alleged Racial and Ethnic discriminatory actions undertaken by two Islamic-Radical actions – FPI and FUI –;

Second, to provide recommendations to the government and police based on the results of the fact-finding regarding the alleged Racial and Ethnic discriminatory actions performed by FPI and FUI;

Third, take all the necessary measures to eliminate the discriminatory issues developed by FPI and FUI, individual / other groups, in accordance with the authority of the National Commission on Human Rights.

We also would like to demand and urge the Government of Indonesia to abide international obligations and assure the restoration of a democratic government based on human rights as what Indonesia has stated in its position as the ASEAN countries which both on the TOR and on the ASEAN Human Rights Declaration (AHRD) mentioned that ASEAN member states should always uphold the principles of impartiality, objectivity, non-selectivity, non-discrimination, non-confrontation and avoidance of double standards and politicization in the realization of the human rights and freedoms contained in the declaration.

 

[Place, date-month-year]
Sincerely,

[Signature]
[Your Name/Organization]