The court ruling against Forkorus CS
Still Far from the human rights principles and the spirit of fair trial
The Commission for the Disappeared and victims of violence (KontraS) has regretted over the verdict of the judges in the District Court of Jayapura, West Papua, which sentenced Forkorus Yaboisembut, S. Pd, Edison Kladeus Waromi and three others, Dominikus Surabut, August M. Sananai Kraar dan Selpius Bobii in jail for 3 years on 16th March 2012. Despite each of the sentence is lighter than indictment of the prosecutor for five years in jail, it is still far from the principle of a fair trial and not socializing with the idea to build a Peaceful Papua through the dialogue.
Indonesia, as a democratic country and adopted a number of international instruments for human rights, the government is suppose to solve the problems in Papua more wisely, in the particular case of the verdict of the treason charged to Forkorus Cs. The court is not supposed to be conducted as there is another way around which will more effective and dignified based on the human rights instruments such as through the dialogue that will socialize the case so far.
The treason charged to Forkorus Cs, in fact, is considered too extreme as no one has used violence or violates any of the national rules and regulations during the congress of Papuan People III that held in 17 to 19 October 2012. What Forkorus Cs has conducted is a part of freedom of expression in peaceful manner which stated in Universal Declaration on Human rights article 19, Civil and political rights convention article 19 and 20, and also in other international rules and regulations. From the view of the domestic regulation framework, the guaranty of the freedom of expression is also stated in national regulations such as in 1945 Constitution, Law no 39 in 1999 and Law no 12 in 2005 that related to human rights which ratified in civil and political rights covenant. It is stated by defendantsâ€™ lawyers under their defence which is known as â€œBring democracy to the court and struggling peace for Papuan People.â€
Based on the result of the investigation and monitoring of the national human rights commission, the allegation of human rights abuses were committed by the security forces (police and military), in the forms of excessive force, violence, torture and other cruel treatments. However, the fact-finding mission was never followed up by the legal basis either by the police or national human rights commission.
By observing the sentences read by the panel judges which consisted of Jack Johanis Octavianus, SH as chief justice and four other members of judge, I Ketut Nyoman Swarta, SH.MH, George Mambrasar, SH.MH, Orpa Martina, SH, Willem Marco, it has raised a number of problematic notes that need to be questioned based on the information collected by the coalition of civil society organizations, which dedicated to enforce the law and human rights in Papua such as:
Firstly, the sentence of the panel judges show inconsistency in case of dealing with evidences related to the treason. The judges argued that the defendants have convincing and legally proven by law related to the articles of treason and proven to conduct an experiment.
Secondly, no credible witnesses have been brought to the court. While only one witness who comes from the society, seven other witnesses are coming from the police who did not see directly what happened in the field. So, of course they against the defendants and moreover, another five witnesses who come from the society also against defendants too during their testimonies of the court hearing. Those five people who testified in the court are also the participants of the demonstration that arrested and violated by the police during the process of interrogation. Their witnesses are not supposed to be in any consideration during the hearing.
Thirdly, during the hearing, the judges were able to present only one evidence or banner, while there have to be mentioned 69 evidences that the sentence referred to.
Fourthly, Gustav Kawer, one of the lawyers was criminalized because he was assessed as person who disturb the hearing.
KontraS supported the measurement taking by the lawyer who would file an appeal over the judgement since the hearing is not matching with the human rights principle and fair trial. She has submitted questions to the government regarding its commitments to solve problems in Papua through peace process, considering that the way which the government criminalized and implemented the article of treason would make the peace discourse further in Papua. The agenda to push the peace process in Papua is supposed to be fitted within the policy conducted by the government such as to stop the implementation of treason articles indiscriminately and to free from arbitrary arrest to who have not committed any violence or violation during the demonstration.
Jakarta, 16 Maret 2012
Person: 08161466341 (Indria Fernida)