Commission for the Disappeared and Victims of Violence (KontraS)
Indonesian Families of the Disappeared Association (IKOHI)
Call for Urgent Appeal Letter;
URGING INDONESIAN GOVERNMENT TO IMMEDIATELY RATIFY THE INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR THE PROTECTION OF ALL PERSONS FROM ENFORCED DISAPPEARANCE
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance
Four years after its adoption by the United Nations General Assembly, on 23 December 2010 the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (CED) entered into force. Iraq became the 20th state that ratified the CED on 23 November 2010. Under the provision of Article 29 paragraph 2, the Convention will enter into force one month after the 20th party ratifies it. At the present time the CED has 88 signatures (including Indonesia) and 27 ratifications.
Enforced Disappearance in Indonesia
Indonesia has long history of enforced disappearance, among others are in the Tragedy of 1965-1966, occupation of East Timor 1975-1999, Tanjung Priok incident 1984, Lampung 1989 tragedy, Military Operation in Aceh 1989-1998 and Military Operation in Papua 1965-1996, Mysterious killings 1981-1985, and Activists kidnapping and disappearance in 1997/1998. Although there are already Human Rights Courts for the Tanjung Priok incident and East Timor systematic violence in 2002-2003 and inquiries by the National Commission of Human Rights (Komnas HAM) as mandated by the Law No 26/2000 on Human Rights Court for the Tragedy on 1965-1966, Lampung 1989 tragedy, Kidnapping and Disappearance 1997/1998, as well as fact finding and preliminary investigation of violence during the military operation in Aceh and Papua, still, fate and whereabouts of the victims enforced disappearance in Indonesia is yet to be uncovered till now.
The Importance of Indonesian Government Ratification of the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance
Indonesian government has to ratify this Convention because Indonesia is one of the states that practiced enforced disappearance in the past. The Convention is important to ensure and deliver legal certainty for Indonesian people not to tolerate enforced disappearance, prevent future practice, guarantee victims rights to truth, justice and reparation and as a form of acknowledgment that enforced disappearance is a serious crime that can constitute a crime against humanity and that it is continuous crime.
Survivors and relatives of victims of enforced disappearance in Indonesia along side with the Commission for the Disappeared and Victims of Violence (KontraS) and Indonesian Association of Families of the Disappeared (IKOHI) are still pursuing to know the fate and whereabouts of the victims of enforced disappearance and urging a just and dignified resolution.
Ratification of the convention has been one of the four points of recommendations by the Indonesian Parliament (DPR) to the President issued on 28 September 2009. It is said in the recommendation point four, which is “To recommend Indonesian government to immediately ratify the Convention for Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance as a form of comitment and support in eradicating enforced disappearance practices in Indonesia”.
Indonesian Government reluctance in ratifying International Convention for Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance
Indonesian government has pledged to the international community to ratify this convention has been delivered since 12 March 2007, through the Minister of Law and Human Rights Hamid Awaluddin, in the speech before the High Level Segment of United Nation’s Human Rights Council. Indonesia later signed the Convention by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Marty Natalegawa on 27 September 2010.
In almost one year after the signing, the Indonesian government fall short in ratifying. Thus this Convention for Indonesian government is not legally binding. This fact is in contrast with Indonesian government’s comitment to human rights at the international level, not to mention Indonesia has been re-selected as a member of the United Nations Human Rights Council recently.
The Ratification of the Convention on Enforced Disappearance has been included in the National Plan of Action on Human Rights (RANHAM) 2011-2014 launched by the President in April 2011. Because of the urgency of the ratification, we encourage the government to do the ratification in the first year of the RANHAM.
Please send a letter of appeal to the Foreign Affairs Minister and Indonesian President
To push for an immediate ratification of the Convention by the Indonesian Government, families of the victims of enforced disappearance along side with KontraS and IKOHI call our colleagues either in their capacity as an organization, working groups or individuals, to send letter of appeal to the President of the Republic of Indonesia and other relevant authorities to immediately ratify the Convention for Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance. This appeal is an effort to give further pressure to Indonesia, because without the appeal or international pressure, the ratification of this convention in Indonesia will keep lacking in progress.
Please send your appeal to:
President of the Republic of Indonesia
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Sekretariat Negara Republik Indonesia
Jl. Veteran No 17 – 18 Jakarta 10110
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
Minister of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Indonesia
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Indonesia
Jalan Pejambon Nomor 6, Jakarta Pusat. 10110 - Indonesia
Phone : +62 21 3441508 / +62 21 3456014
Fax : +62 21 3855481
Email : email@example.com / firstname.lastname@example.org
Directorate of Human Rights and Humanity, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Indonesia
Gedung Ex. BP –7 Lantai 7
Jalan Pejambon Nomor 6, Jakarta Pusat. 10110 - Indonesia
Phone : +62 21 3812714
Fax : +62 21 3813036
Email : email@example.com
Minister of Law and Human Rights, Republic of Indonesia
Ministry of Law and Human Rights, Republic of Indonesia
Jalan H.R. Rasuna Said Kav. 6-7, Jakarta Selatan
Phone : +62 21 5253004
Fax : +62 21 5253095
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
Attachment : Letter's template (download)